They do this several times in director Gareth Edwards’ latest take on the giant lizard—and the gender-inflected title “King of the Monsters,” which first appeared in the 1956 American version of the Ishirō Honda original, is also used.
, directed by Roland Emmerich, further complicated things, by making its monster pregnant.
But the joke’s on them, because half of this is going to be about Buddhism, and the other half about the foreign-economy-warping might of American military power.
Still: sex, religion, and guns—what’s more compelling to the American demographic than that? comes from “arts, entertainment, and recreation”—which I suppose might cover some of the same things.) Kathoey—Thai slang for transgender women; the English term “ladyboy” is widely considered pretty offensive—are often the most visible part of the industry, even if the estimated rate of transgender people in the population is the same as in most other countries, roughly 0.3 percent. The religion was adopted in Thailand by way of India about 800 years ago, and 95 percent of Thais now identify as Buddhist.
But, thanks in large part to the sex trade, Thai trans women have become a more visible part of the cultural landscape than their counterparts in the U. It wasn’t for lack of thinking about it: the Buddhist code of monastic conduct called the Vinaya lists 27 categories of people, creatures, and objects that one shouldn’t have sex with, including men, women, dead women whose flesh has or hasn’t been eaten away by animals, female monkeys, wooden dolls . The historian Peter Jackson has argued that pre-existing Thai notions of gender interacted with Buddhist thought in a way that uniquely conflated gayness with transness; for many years gay men were simply understood as having women’s desires, and often referred to as kathoey too.
But while same-sex inclinations were long thought in Thai Buddhism to be sinful, they were also thought to be congenital—meaning they couldn’t be changed during a person’s lifetime, and therefore had to be accepted.
And contrary to the suspicions of some, every participant in the study identified as female or transgender; none were men dressing up as women solely in order to attract tourist cash. Reaching nirvana means achieving the absence of all desire, and sticking anything into pretty much any bodily orifice amounts to spiritual defeat for a monk, “even if only the width of a sesame seed” (not an optimistic bunch, these guys). Transsexualism is also surprisingly well-defined in Buddhist scripture, and is described in great detail in several stories.
Of course, this doesn’t exactly constitute a Caitlyn-Jenner-on-the-cover-of-Vanity Fair level of public acceptance—no one’s claiming Thailand is a perfect role model for the equal-rights movement.
But compared to Christianity’s effects in the West, Buddhism has helped create a society that’s probably more accepting of divergence from traditional orientation and gender norms; Jackson describes Thai gay and trans subcultures that are notably vibrant, if idiosyncratic. had bases there, and Korea during the Korean War and since.
“If Godzilla is a mother, then where is the father? “Perhaps Godzilla is hermaphroditic,” he adds, reaching a conclusion shared by many Godzilla fans. “I guess that makes Alec Baldwin’s publicist one of Godzilla’s kids, too.” Not surprisingly, these debates often reveal more about fans’ ideas concerning gender than they do about Godzilla’s biological status.
There’s also debate about whether or not Godzilla actually produced a biological son: “Everyone just sort of assumes it because [Minilla] follows a destructive beast around and blows smoke,” says Jason F. (E.g.: “It’s big, horny, and can shoot fire from its mouth.